Exceptional Role of Marine Transport on Far East
Due to re-orientation of the Far East Federal District onto export the necessity of development of marine transport as a most promising industry acquires fundamentally new, strategic meaning.
Marine transport of FEFD has been fulfilling a significant part of cargo turnover and passenger turnover of the country for a rather long time, but it has such a low level of internal transport infrastructure that it restricts to the significant extent possibilities of its connection with other regions of RF and does not make it possible to assess its economic potential to the full extent. Nevertheless, presence of the district’s own resource basis and geographical proximity to such countries as China, Japan and South Korea turn the Far East Region into an important actor of foreign trade relations. Due to it the export-oriented model of development of the Far East is directed primarily at support of economically profitable industry of marine transport.
In connection with the governmental decision on accelerated social and economic development of the Region the Far East Region has increased the shipping volumes twice during the recent 6 years and is at present the most fast-developing region. Intensive development of marine transport, presence of the region’s own energy basis and FEFD’s leadership, being among the acknowledged world leaders, provide for foreign investors’ interest in further development of the region.
FEFD’s ports, final destinations of the international transport corridor “East-West”, fulfil a most important economic function, providing for the largest part of Russian foreign trade and coastal shipments. The most promising ones are Vladivostok, Nakhodka, Vostochny, Vanino and Posyet, situated in Primorye and Khabarovsk Krai and connected with the transport system of the country by means of main railways and pipelines. Their share amounts to more than 70% of the cargo turnover of marine transport of FEFD. Other ports do not have railroad approaches and all-year-round navigation because of severe climatic conditions, owing to which they have to restrict themselves to rendering services of the neighbouring territories.
Absence of overland lines of communications and regular navigation of a part of ports makes processing of cargo in marine terminals and passenger communications in the coastal Pacific Ocean zone more complicated, due to which great efforts on development of the region are directed not only at increasing the capacity of ports but also at increasing the level of domestic transport infrastructure.
You can read detailed information in «Market of Cargo Shipments by Marine Transport. Current Situation and Forecast» by Intesco Research Group.
The given values were calculated by analysts of Intesco Research Group on the basis of official statistics.